Section 1: Transdisciplinary Foundations

TF 2 Treatment Knowledge

Competency 5

Describe the philosophies, practices, policies, and outcomes of the most generally accepted and scientifically supported models of treatment, recovery, relapse prevention, and continuing care for addiction and other substance-related problems.


  • Generally accepted models, such as but not limited to:
    • pharmacotherapy
    • mutual help and self-help
    • behavioral self-control training
    • mental health
    • self-regulating community
    • psychotherapeutic
    • relapse prevention.
  • The philosophy, practices, policies, andoutcomes of the most generally accepted therapeutic models.
  • Alternative therapeutic models that demonstrate potential.


  • Acceptance of the validity of a variety of approaches and models.
  • Openness to new, evidence-basedtreatment approaches, including pharmacological interventions.


Competency 6

Recognize the importance of family, social networks, and community systems in the treatment and recovery process.


  • The role of family, social networks, andcommunity systems as assets or obstacles in treatment and recovery processes.
  • Methods for incorporating family andsocial dynamics in treatment and recovery processes.


  • Appreciation for the significance andcomplementary nature of various systems in facilitating treatment and recovery.


Competency 7

Understand the importance of research and outcome data and their application in clinical practice.


  • Research methods in the social andbehavioral sciences.
  • Sources of research literature relevant tothe prevention and treatment of addiction.
  • Specific research on epidemiology,etiology, and treatment efficacy.
  • Benefits and limitations of research.


  • Recognition of the importance of scientificresearch to the delivery of addiction treatment.
  • Openness to new information.


Competency 8

Understand the value of an interdisciplinary approach to addiction treatment.


  • Roles and contributions of multipledisciplines to treatment efficacy.
  • Terms and concepts necessary to communicate effectively across disciplines.
  • The importance of communication withother disciplines.


  • Desire to collaborate.
  • Respect for the contribution of multipledisciplines to the recovery process.
  • Commitment to professionalism.



Members of the National ATTC Curriculum Committee reviewed the bibliography from the first printing of The Competencies. Following previously established guidelines, the Commit-tee reviewed and linked each reference with a specific transdisciplinary foundation. Primarily textbooks are referenced in this section; however, such texts are not mutually exclusive of the practice dimensions.

Benshoff, J.J., & Janikowski, T.P. (2000). The Rehabilitation Model of Substance Abuse Counseling. Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole.

Berg, I.K., & Miller, S.D. (1992). Working With the Problem Drinker: A Solution-Focused Approach. New York: W.W. Norton.

Brown, S. (Ed.) (1995). Treating Alcoholism. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Donigian, J., & Malnati, R. (1996). Systemic Group Therapy: A Triadic Model. Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole.

Greenlick, M., Lamb, S., & McCarty, D. (Eds.) (1998). Bridging the Gap Between Practice and Research: Forging Partnerships With Community-Based Drug and Alcohol Treatment. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

Heather, N., & Miller, W.R. (Eds.) (1998). Treating Addictive Behaviors (2nd ed.). New York: Plenum Press.

Institute of Medicine (1990). Broadening the Base of Treatment for Alcohol Problems. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

L’Abate, L., Farrar, J.L., & Serritella, D. (1991). Handbook of Differential Treatments for Addictions. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.

Lawson, A.W., & Lawson, G.W. (1998). Alcoholism and the Family: A Guide to Treatment and Prevention (2nd ed.). Gaithersburg, MD: Aspen Publishers.

Miller, W.R., & Rollnick, S. (1991). Motivational Interviewing: Preparing People To Change Addictive Behavior. New York: Guilford Press.

Nowinski, J. (1990). Substance Abuse in Adolescents and Young Adults: A Guide to Treatment. New York: W.W. Norton.

Stevens, P., & Smith, R.L. (2004). Substance Abuse Counseling: Theory and Practice (3rd ed.). Old Tappan, NJ: Prentice Hall.


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