Chapter 9: Research and Evidence

9.7 Summary, Discussion, References


In this chapter, you learned the definition of Informed Learning and why it is important to your success as an Indiana State University student. Informed Learning begins by exploring what information is needed and where it can be found. The chapter presented a variety of types of research and evidence and discussed how to locate, evaluate, use, and present research to meet your goals. Finally, we reviewed ethical decision making and the benefits to informed learning as an undergraduate student. Remember that as a student at Indiana State University, you are not alone in the research and research presentation process. Consult your friendly librarian at the Cunningham Memorial Library or meet with your professor when you need help.

Discussion Questions

  1. What is informed learning? What do we not consider to be research and evidence?
  2. Explain the benefits of thinking about the research process from an informed learning perspective.
  3. Name three areas of research you are interested or passionate about. In what ways can you use informed learning and the information on research and evidence to enhance your presentation?

Key Terms

  • BASE model
  • biased questions
  • cite/ citation
  • classification/ catalog
  • closed questions
  • connotative
  • definition
  • denotative
  • ethics
  • example
  • experts
  • fact
  • Information Literacy Model
  • informed learning
  • interview
  • neutral questions
  • non-print resources
  • open questions
  • paraphrasing
  • peers
  • periodicals
  • personal experience
  • plagiarism
  • primary questions
  • print resources
  • professional experience
  • quoting
  • reference works
  • references page
  • research
  • secondary questions
  • statistic
  • testimony
  • Uniform Resource Locator (URL)


ACLU.  (2016).  McMillen v. Itawamba County School District. Retrieved from

Ahmad, I.  (2014, July 2).  How to become a Google search Jedi master- #infographic [Infographic]. Retrieved from

Booth, J.  (2014, December 8).  15 Infographics with tips on how to give presentation. Retrieved from

Dlugan, A.  (2012, December 11).  How the Grinch stole PowerPoint. Retrieved from

eLearning Industry.  (2015, September 15).  Types of visual content to improve learnerengagement Infographic. Retrieved from

Hack College.  (2011, November 23).  Infographic: Get more out of Google [Infographic]. Retrieved from

Indiana State University.  (n.d.).  Student conduct and integrity. Retrieved from

Madan, C.R., & Teitge, B.D.  (2013, May 1).  The benefits of undergraduate research: The student’s perspective. The Mentor. Retrieved from

Maybee, C., Bruce, C.S., Lupton, M., & Rebmann, K.  (2013, June).  Learning to use information: Informed learning in the undergraduate classroom.   Library & Information Science Research, 35(3) 200–206.

Office of Student Conduct and Integrity.  (n.d.).  Code of student conduct [PDF]. Retrieved from

Paraphrase. (n.d.).  3 ways to paraphrase quoted material. In wikiHow. Retrieved May 22, 2016, from

Schrock, K.  (n.d.).  The 5 W’s of website evalution [Digital Image]. Retrieved from

Solve ME/ CFS Intiative.  (2016).  Research Wordle [Digital Image]. Retrieved from

Spragg, B.  (2012, September 5).  Fishing boats. Hoonah. Alaska [Photograph]. Retrieved from

Zhang, L.  (2016).  3 steps to a perfect informational interview. Retrieved from


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